Corundum which exhibits a red colour is referred to as ruby - all other colours of Corundum are called Sapphire. Named from Ruber, the Latin word for red, Ruby is mainly found in Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Tanzania, Cambodia, Afghanistan and India.The stone associated with devotion, integrity, courage and happiness said to enhance energy generosity prosperity and success. Extremely hard, corundum is second only to diamond on the Mohs scale of hardness, hence it’s popularity and reputation as precious stone.
Ruby continues to be a very popular gem, but was first celebrated en masse in Victorian jewellery during the late 19th Century.In the ancient Orient, Ruby was highly favoured as a talismanic stone; in Japan, it is traditionally worn to confer long life happiness and health. In Anceint Rome, Ruby was considered to be the most powerful stone in protecting the wearer from evil.
Throughout history, Ruby has been believed to possess the power to foretell danger, a belief that perpetuated through history, Catherine of Aragon, wife of Henry VIII possessed a ring which reportedly lost its colour in times of distress or misfortune.Measured in colour by hue, tone and saturation, along with colour grading, all Corundum stones are also measured on the diamond grading scales of cut, carat and clarity.
Fine-quality ruby is extremely rare, and the colour of the gem is most important to its value. The most prized colour is a medium or medium dark vivid red or slightly purplish red. If the gem is too pale or exhibits too much purple or orange, it will be called a fancy-coloured Sapphire. Durable enough for everyday wear due to its hardness, Ruby endures as a very popular precious stone.